In summer the male Yellowhammer can look as yellow as a canary, but with thin black lines around the face and a rustier breast. Females are duller but clearly yellow and the juveniles are duller still, sometimes showing no yellow at all. They can be told from most other streaky brown birds by the combination of a rich chestnut rump and obvious white outer tail feathers.
Breeds and winters in hedgerows and scrub, especially gorse and hawthorn thickets.
Largely a sedentary bird although northernmost birds are migratory wintering within the breeding range. British birds rarely move more than a few kilometres. Some birds from Scandinavia probably occur on the east coast of Britain.
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